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Taxand Milestone Survey 2014: Transformational Global tax reform
2014 has been characterised by some fundamental changes across the global tax system as governments look to reform their regimes for the long term, complying with new OECD guidelines, whilst significantly clamping down on multinationals in light of increasing public media scrutiny.
The Taxand 2014 Tax Milestone Survey asked advisors from various countries to reveal the three most pertinent tax changes introduced in their countries during the year, the vast majority of which relate to government clampdowns on multinationals, the OECD’s BEPS initiative, and VAT reforms. Below we outline key global tax trends.
- Multinational clampdown
It is unsurprising that in the current tax environment, some of the key tax changes identified by advisors across the globe involve actions taken by governments to clampdown on tax planning activity.
Developments in the US epitomise this trend, particularly through the ongoing debate around corporate inversions. Advisors in the US identified the new IRS rules on inversions, issued in September, as the most significant tax development in the jurisdiction this year. The new rules impose stricter requirements for conducting an inversion deal, although many see the government’s actions as a further move to create an unfavourable environment for business.
Evidence of government crackdown on tax planning is evident elsewhere across the globe. This has been particularly prevalent in transfer pricing with advisors in France naming the strengthening of TP documentation requirements as one of the key developments during the year. Equally in Luxembourg, transfer pricing changes were identified – particularly the provisions made in October which allow the tax authorities to adjust the taxable base following certain transactions.
Companies operating in Switzerland have also been pushed towards greater transparency. Agreements around automatic exchange of information and joint country tax audits were cited as the most significant during 2014, although many remain concerned about unintended consequences from such requirements, particularly potential information leaks and sensitive data reaching the wrong hands.
Other regulatory demands placed on multinationals through government measures introduced in 2014 include:
- Wide reform of the tax system in Spain through the new Corporate Income Tax Law
- Review of local preferential tax treatment in China
- New repair regulations in the US providing significant new guidance on fixed asset capitalisation
- Changes to participation exemption and CFC rules in Spain
- Tax loss restrictions for banks in the UK
- FATCA implementation in the US, significantly impacting reporting requirements for foreign entities
As 2014 saw the OECD’s BEPS initiative move into its implementation phase across the globe, it’s no surprise that advisors saw these developments as amongst the most noteworthy.
Advisors in Switzerland identified the importance of seeing how the BEPS requirements will be incorporated into the country’s Corporate Tax Reform III, whilst also ensuring that the country remains internationally competitive, through the lowering of corporate income tax rates.
BEPS was also identified as a key development in Spain and China, particularly the focus on cross-border transactions. Multinationals are particularly looking forward to seeing how the cross-border guidelines will be incorporated at country level.
The UK faces a similar dilemma and also identified BEPS as a key development, particularly country-by-country reporting requirements. However, competitiveness has also been a key theme, with advisors pointing to the continued lowering of the corporate income tax rate as a way of making the UK attractive as a holding company location from which to base trading activity.
Indirect taxes have been in focus worldwide during 2014 and we have seen a number of important developments in the VAT arena specifically. In China, advisors pointed to the expansion of VAT reform to include the Hotel, Banking and Construction sectors, which will impact multinationals operating in these industries. Luxembourg has also seen changes in VAT during 2014, with rates being increased from January so as to affect private individuals, and real estate investors.
Frederic Donnedieu de Vabres, Chairman of Taxand says, “2014 has been another year of change in the global tax arena, with continuing negative sentiment towards multinational tax planning."
“As we move into 2015 many governments are looking to restructure their own corporate tax systems whilst simultaneously future-proofing themselves through compliance with the OECD’s BEPS initiative. At the same time, they are looking to remain competitive with other countries to secure inward investment and economic prosperity."
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